What are the origins of the paper folding process we now know as origami? Composed of the Japanese words oru to fold and kami paper , origami has a rich and complex history that spans culture, class and geography. Paper was first invented in China around A. Handmade paper was a luxury item only available to a few, and paper folding in ancient Japan was strictly for ceremonial purposes, often religious in nature. By the Edo period — , paper folding in Japan had become recreational as well as ceremonial, often featuring multiple cuts and folds. It came to be regarded as a new form of art that was enabled by the advent of paper both mass-produced and more affordable. Europe also has a tradition of paper folding that dates back to the twelfth century or before, when the Moors brought a tradition of mathematically based folding to Spain. The Spanish further developed paper folding into an artistic practice called papiroflexia or pajarita. By the s, kindergarten-aged children in Europe and Japan were learning paper folding.

The History and Evolution of Retail Stores: From Mom and Pop to Online Shops

T he turn of the millennium was not the first time that the American media had been transfixed by young people partying right up to the brink of economic crisis. In the s, national newspapers and magazines reported extensively on the sexual escapades of high school and college students. In terms of the baseball metaphor, petting covered everything between first base and home plate.

Between and , a dramatic demographic shift changed family dynamics across the United States. Birthrates had been falling since

During this time in colonial America, dads did the dating for you. You’ve probably heard of this practice, called “bundling,” where unmarried.

Palaeography is the study of old handwriting. This web tutorial will help you learn to read the handwriting found in documents written in English between and At first glance, many documents written at this time look illegible to the modern reader. By reading the practical tips and working through the documents in the Tutorial in order of difficulty, you will find that it becomes much easier to read old handwriting. You can find more documents on which to practise your skills in the further practice section.

Ten documents of varying levels of difficulty, information about the documents and their historical backgrounds. You can also learn Latin with our online tutorial for beginners. All content is available under the Open Government Licence v3. Search the website Search the catalogue.

A short history of modern menstrual products

Valentine, MHM Made of delicately embossed and perforated lace papers, valentines became the fashionable way to convey romantic interest and to freely express the desire for romantic love. The lovely Elizabeth Tredwell, eldest daughter of Seabury and Eliza, no doubt received her share of valentines from young men of her class. She was pretty and accomplished, and would certainly have been considered an eligible young lady. The Tredwell Archives contain several charming valentines; however, the senders and recipients are unknown.

To date, over 5, certificants hold the credential, MT-BC (music In the early s, writings on the therapeutic value of music appeared in two medical and recertification requirements that reflect current music therapy practice. To date.

Bride from Voss. Dating to From the series “Norwegian Nationaldragter” by Marcus Selmer. Photo: Marcus Selmer. Used with permission from Norwegian Folk Museum. Bride from Ullensvang in Hardanger. Bride from Lyster in Sogn with Bible in hand and bridal crown. Bride from Karasjok, with Bible in hand. Bride from Tofte farm, Dovre. Dating back to Bride from Laerdal with bridal crown. Dating to around Groom from Birkeland. Bride with bridal crown.

Romance Through the Ages

For nearly as long as people have existed, they have been sharing, bartering, selling, and consuming resources. To trace the complete history of commerce back to its inception, we must travel to a time when wooly mammoths still walked the Earth. People exchanged cows and sheep in trade as far back as BC. The first proper currency extends as far back as BC in Mesopotamia. The first retail stores take up the mantle a bit further down the line.

By BC in ancient Greece, people had developed markets with merchants selling their wares in the Agora in the city center.

emphasise how different norms and attitudes applied then and now. every date like Cinderella’s ball, only that you didn’t lose your slipper.

The giving and receiving of valentines or love tokens dates to medieval times, but the origins of the modern celebration lie in the 18 th century with the rise of romantic marriage. During the 18 th century, society encouraged young people to select their marriage partners based on their romantic attachments. This was a decided change from past practice when marriages had been arranged to cement relationships between families or clans and to consolidate fortunes.

While love and respect might be a byproduct of marriage, young couples had not entered into marriage with that expectation. That changed in the eighteenth century. You know what to expect from me, as you have seen my character of a good wife. Suppose I tell you now, what I, in my turn, expect, and how you may best please me and make me happy. As expectations increased that marriage would be built on a foundation of love rather than mutual, economic interest, the way that partners were selected had to evolve.

When parents stopped making the selection, prospective lovers needed to find one another and then determine the extent of mutual attraction.

Maya civilization

Judge Sewall was a conscientious father, and like many Puritan fathers believed that he had a right and duty to take an active role in his daughter’s selection of a spouse. In August, after a whirlwind six month courtship, the couple married, but the marriage was cut tragically short l5 months later when young Mary died in childbirth.

A hundred twenty-nine years later, in , another couple began their courtship. They considered romance and passion childish and unreliable motives for marriage and instead sought a love that was more tender and rational.

25 April · Letter from Jane Austen to her sister Cassandra, November · Sermons to Young Women · Addresses to Young Men.

Holland and England are now producing the magnificent ocean-going merchant vessels known as East Indiamen. Charles II, the childless king of Spain. Go to Philip V — in World Encyclopedia 1 ed. Peter the Great sets up numerous schools and commercial enterprises to enable Russia to compete in Europe. The Act of Settlement declares that no Catholic may inherit the English crown.

Go to Settlement, Act of in World Encyclopedia 1 ed.

Social and Family Life in the Late17th & Early 18th Centuries

All rights reserved. Relative techniques were developed earlier in the history of archaeology as a profession and are considered less trustworthy than absolute ones. There are several different methods. In stratigraphy , archaeologists assume that sites undergo stratification over time, leaving older layers beneath newer ones. Archaeologists use that assumption, called the law of superposition, to help determine a relative chronology for the site itself.

Then, they use contextual clues and absolute dating techniques to help point to the age of the artifacts found in each layer.

That practice seems silly now. On the other hand, I understand from my patients that it is considered bad manners now for young people to date.

National and state constitutions included little mention of women. Even though Hoosier women were enumerated in the census which paved the way for statehood and had to share the burden of taxation, they were not allowed to vote or hold office. Rights for which a revolution was fomented were denied women — as they were to slaves, “lunatics,” and “idiots. Further exacerbating the situation, rights normally enjoyed by women were often withdrawn when she married. Indeed, a woman gave up so many civil and property rights upon crossing the threshold that she was said to be entering a state of “civil death.

Predicated on “precedent and fixed principles,” common law had dictated a subordinate position for women. Married women generally were not allowed to make contracts, devise wills, take part in other legal transactions, or control any wages they might earn. One of the few legal advantages of marriage for a woman was that her husband was obligated to support her and be responsible for her debts.

Key Dates and Events in American Philanthropic History 1815 to Present

The rituals of courtship have evolved over time, and what is considered romantic today would have been scandalous, if not criminal, less than years ago. As revealed in Moira Weigel’s Labor of Love: The Invention of Dating , a remarkable history of the subject, here are 10 things you might not know about dating and courtship over the years. It was first used in a newspaper column in which a young man laments that his girlfriend is seeing other people—that they are “fillin’ all my dates,” as in “the dates on her calendar.

At the turn of last century, dating was still a new concept and law enforcement wasn’t sure what to make of it—but they were sure something sordid was going on. A young man and woman meeting in public, him buying her food, drink, and gifts: well, it was veritable prostitution in the eyes of authorities, and women could be arrested for it. Ironically, a man and a woman meeting in public was the best way to have some privacy.

Although most families in early New England did not practice strict into disuse by , physical displays of affection remained an important part of courtship.

Clue is on a mission to help you understand your body, periods, ovulation, and so much more. Start tracking today. For most of human history, menstruation has been associated with taboos and stigma. However, these cultural norms did not stop technological innovation: the first disposable pads hit the market in Today, menstrual products are a multi-billion dollar worldwide industry, with prime-time ads and countless products on the market.

How did we move from bandages and plant fibers to menstrual cups and modern tampons 1? And as period technologies improve, what have they changed for the people who use them? If you’re wondering how people around the world managed their periods before the s, read our interview with historian Helen King here. Period pants made of rubber 3. While products were marketed door-to-door by the s, the first commercial products available for a mainstream audience came in the s with the products appearing in catalogues.

In the s, new tools like the Ladies Elastic Doily Belt started to appear in catalogues.

Colonial Courtship